Filter Posts by post_date

I am testing the new (experimental ) Query Sort, Filter & Live Search on the default posts
If possible I would like to use “post_date” to filter.
I would then like to display “post_date” as year (2022) in a button style so user can click the year button and this will show all posts from that year
I just can’t figure it out, i cant find how to select the meta key “post_date”
is there anyone who has tested this successfully or maybe someone who knows how to do this